How to Write Your Own Handbell Processional

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As church music directors, we talk a lot about music selection: worship planning, what fits with the lectionary, what will we do for Easter this year, etc. Most of these discussions revolve around finding the right piece of music for your group for a particular Sunday. But have you ever considered writing your own music? Let's start with a simple handbell processional.

A handbell processional is a short piece often used as an introit, fanfare, or acclamation. Processionals are often based on repeated patterns (1-2 measures in length), which makes them easy to learn and play from memory. They are particularly effective when played from the balcony, narthex, or while walking in and/or out of the sanctuary.

Here are a few audio/video examples, to give you an idea:

Festive Introit in C
Lenten Processional
Handbell Acclamation on "Azmon"
Easter Fanfare
Handbell Procession

There are a few collections out there, most notably:

 

Processionals for the Time of Lent (Barbara Semmann) - 5 octaves
Processionals for the Time of Easter (Barbara Semmann) - 5 octaves
Processionals for the Day of Pentecost (Barbara Semmann) - 5 octaves
Four Easy Handbell Processionals (arr. Michael Burkhardt) - 3 octaves
Processionals for Handbells (John Behnke) - 3-5 octaves
Hymn Processionals for Handbells (arr. Hefner) - 3 octaves
Three Processionals for Handbells and Chimes (Downey) - 3-5 octaves
Well-Tempered Handbell Processionals (arr. Charles E. Peery) - 2-3 octaves or 4-5 octaves
Six Processionals (Sandra Eithun) - 3-5 octaves

However, most (if not all) of these call for a minimum of 14 bells (some, many more) and many include dotted rhythms and rest patterns (two measures in length = more to memorize) that would be challenging for a beginning group.

What's a bell choir director to do?

Obviously, I'm going to suggest you write your own. After all, who knows your church and your handbell choir better than you? There are several advantages to going this route:

Create something tailored to your group and individual abilities
Write a custom piece of music for a specific service
Save money in your music budget!

Okay. Ready to step outside the box, be creative, and channel your inner composer? Let's get started:

1  |  Determine the number of bells you have to work with

Think about the number of people in your group and how many bells they can play without putting any down.

For example, if you have four ringers that can play two bells, one that can play three, and one that is doing well to keep up with one, write your acclamation for 12 bells. Also, keep in mind that low bells (e.g. C3) will require two hands to ring.

2  |  Choose a key and meter

Think about the tone of the service and whether you want the acclamation to be in a major or minor key (or maybe pentatonic!). Choose duple or triple meter (note: duple meter - 2/4 or 4/4 - will work best for processing).

3  |  Decide on style and range + assign bells

Think about the level of your group and what they'll be able to play well. Keep in mind that more experienced ringers will be able to play more independently and could do some melodic playing. If this is the case in your group, you might write a short repeated melody in the higher bells with a more chordal accompaniment in the lower bells.

Less experienced ringers will do better playing more often (easier to keep track of where you are and not get lost!), so you might consider a more chordal-style piece. Think about simple chord changes (I and V, and maybe IV) and give everyone bells that fit into every chord.

A general rule of thumb is to think about how to move smoothly between chords with bells that are right next to each other.

For instance, in the key of C major, C fits in the I chord and the IV chord and B (right next door!) fits in the V chord. Similarly, E fits in the I chord, while F (right next door!) fits in the IV and V chords. G fits in the I and V chords and A fits in the IV chord.

Here is an example of how to assign bells to four ringers:

How to write your own handbell processional (eight easy steps) | @ashleydanyew
 

Once you've determined the style and range for your piece, write out a list of bells you will use and assign ringers.

4  |  Outline the form and structure of the piece

The biggest question you'll need to ask yourself here is: Will everyone come in together and play the whole time, or will one person start and others join in? This might depend on if you plan to stand and play in place or process and play.

One idea is to have everyone begin together, process in in any order, and end with a tonic chord (usually, whatever people have on the first beat of their pattern).

Alternatively, you might have the low bells begin, with others joining as they enter the sanctuary (this is also effective when standing in place). Depending on the tone of the service, it can also be effective to end the piece this way, with players gradually dropping out until just one part remains (particularly effective during Lent).

5  |  Create a few rhythm patterns

Based on the meter you chose, jot down a few rhythm patterns (one measure in length) that would work well as an ostinato, or repeated pattern. For instance, in duple meter, you might have:

How to write your own handbell processional (eight easy steps) | @ashleydanyew
 

6  |  Pair notes and rhythms + add melodic material

Go back to your list of bells from Step 3. Assign slower, steadier rhythms to lower bells and more active rhythms to higher bells. If you’re incorporating a melodic line, set those bells aside and assign rhythm patterns to the rest. Then, write a simple 2-measure melody using mostly stepwise motion.

7  |  Give your piece a title

You can't go wrong with "Handbell Processional in ___ (key)," but if the title will be printed in the bulletin, you might consider something a little more programmatic that ties into the service: "Lenten Reflection" (Lent), "Procession to Jerusalem" (Palm Sunday), or "Joyous Morning" (Easter).

8  |  Introduce the piece to your group

It's probably easiest to teach the piece by rote, but depending on how many ringers you have and how many different parts you need to teach, it might be helpful to write out a small index card for each player with their bell assignment and rhythmic notation. For music-readers, print the pattern they play using standard music notation. For non-readers, notate the rhythm and write the letter names underneath.

And there you have it! Your very own handbell processional (hopefully, the first of many!).

I hope these steps are helpful to you. Let me know how it turns out!

Read more:
5 Creative Ways to Use Handbells in Worship
Free Music for Handbell Choirs
Adventures in Bell Ringing: Improvisation Activities
50 Pieces for the Small Handbell Choir

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